Farm Talk

Equine

September 5, 2012

Vaccination best defense against West Nile virus

Parsons, Kansas — Vaccination is the best defense for horses against mosquito-borne West Nile virus, said Mark Russell, assistant professor-equine Extension for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture.

Russell said he knows of one case of equine West Nile so far in Arkansas.

“Older and very young horses are the most vulnerable to the virus,” Russell said Monday. “Both vulnerable populations can be vaccinated more than once a year to ensure they’re covered.”

The good news is that the disease is not transmitted from horse to horse, or between horses and humans.

Next to vaccinations, using insect repellents and using fans and opening windows and doors to keep air moving around horses in the barn can help discourage mosquitoes.

“Use oil-based fly spray that contains lanolin. It’ll stick with the horses much longer than a water-based spray,” Russell said. “You put the same amount on and it lasts longer.”

One worry is Isaac, which is expected to hit Arkansas later this week as a tropical depression.

“We may get a lot of rain and we need to be thinking about that right now because we might be seeing more standing water and puddles this week,” he said. Mosquitoes breed in standing water. “There could be a spike in the mosquito population in the next two or three weeks.”

Russell said to be sure to drain any areas with standing water to prevent mosquito breeding.

He also advised horse owners to pay a little extra attention to details when looking over the herd.

“Symptoms of a West Nile infection include lethargy,” Russell said. “They look dazed and confused.”

Other symptoms include a high temperature, not eating or drinking, or problems with gait, including staggering or balance issues even when standing still. Other signs include muscle twitch, paralysis in hind limbs, impaired vision and inability to swallow.

“If anything looks odd, call the vet,” Russell said.

West Nile is a virus that is transmitted from infected birds through mosquitoes that feed on their blood.

For more information on insect control, see “Mosquito Control Around the Home and in Communities,” online at www.uae x.edu/Other_Areas/publications/pdf/FSA-7059.pdf, or contact your county Extension office.

The Cooperative Extension Service is part of the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture and offers its programs to all eligible persons regardless of race, color, national origin, religion, gender, age, disability, marital or veteran status, or any other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.£

 

1
Text Only
Equine
  • stripedblisterbeetle.jpg Scout for striped blister beetles

    Striped blister beetles, which can be toxic to horses, are being seen in high numbers in alfalfa in some areas of the state, said University of Missouri Extension entomologist Wayne Bailey.

    July 29, 2014 1 Photo

  • K-State vet says EHM occurrence is a reminder to take precautions

    It's springtime and for many horse enthusiasts, that means heading out to horse shows and rodeos. But two recent cases of Equine Herpesvirus Myeloencephalopathy, after a barrel racing event in Nebraska should serve as a reminder that good biosecurity practices can help prevent illnesses, according to a Kansas State University veterinarian.

    May 13, 2014

  • KDA confirms EHV-1 case in Kansas

    The Kansas Department of Agriculture Animal Health Commissioner Dr. Bill Brown recently reported that a horse in northeast Kansas has been confirmed positive with a wild type of a non-neurotropic case of Equine Herpes Virus (EHV-1).

    May 6, 2014

  • HorseFest this weekend

    March 18, 2014

  • Tax changes for horse operations

    During 2013, horse owners, breeders and businesses enjoyed a number of favorable tax provisions that have now reverted to lower levels or expired. Over sixty tax provisions expired, some applied to all businesses, including the horse industry, and one was specifically applicable to owners of race horses.

    March 11, 2014

  • Bill lets Oklahoma counties decide horse slaughter

    A state senator is making a last-ditch plea for his bill that would require county voters to first approve any horse slaughtering facility before it could open.

    February 25, 2014

  • Treatments foals may need immediately after birth

    February 18, 2014

  • Missouri denies horse slaughter application

    KANSAS CITY, Mo. (AP) — Citing federal budget restrictions, the Missouri Department of Natural Resources recently turned down a request for a permit from a northwest Missouri business that sought to slaughter horses for meat.

    February 4, 2014

  • horse slaughter.jpg Mo. company prepares to process horse meat

    GALLATIN, Mo. (AP) — A small northwest Missouri company has been preparing to slaughter horses for meat after a federal appeals court lifted an emergency stay on U.S. horse slaughter operations.

    December 24, 2013 1 Photo

  • EKHA members.jpg EKHA horseman group honors golden anniversary

    Cowboys and cowgirls young and old recently celebrated the Eastern Kansas Horseman’s Association (EKHA) with a year-end awards banquet.

    November 12, 2013 1 Photo

Hyperlocal Search
Premier Guide
Find a business

Walking Fingers
Maps, Menus, Store hours, Coupons, and more...
Premier Guide
Seasonal Content