The Frederiksborg is the oldest breed of horses in Denmark and were developed at the Royal Frederiksborg Stud, founded under King Frederik II in 1562. The foundation horses were Neapolitan horses and the Iberian forerunners of the Andalusian. As the Norfolk Roadster and Arabbred became more popular they were selected to stand at the royal stud.
As a courtly mount, the Frederiksborg had to be agile and trainable for the courtier’s pursuits in Haute Ecole and warfare, stylish and high-stepping when in parades and court ceremonies and strong and of uniform appearance to trot before the royal carriages.
By the 18th century, the horses enjoyed such particular fame the Danes began to export them in large numbers. Horses from this line not only contributed to the foundation of the heavy warmbloods, but also to the Lipizzaner, the white horses that gained fame as the dancing white stallions from Venia, Austria. Pluto, a gray stallion born in 1765, became a foundation stallion in that breed.
By 1839 the breed became so popular that the royal stud was closed and the country ceased to export the horses. Some private breeders continued to develop the horses and they became a luxury item used primarily for stagecoach and agriculture work. In the mid 20th century the demand for riding horses skyrocketed, a situation that affected all of the warmblood breeds.
The horses are almost uniformly chestnut with a wide blaze, muscular with a short back, well set head and a well muscled legs. The feet are small and tough.
There are only 13 purebred Frederiksborg horses in the United States, eight mares, four geldings and one stud and the stud, Kejser Af Igslo, is standing at Frederiksborg Horse Farms in Yale, Okla.
In addition to the warmbloods, the farm also has Geneo J, an Appaloosa, Desperado Moon, a Quarter Horse, and Hot Dam Chex to Cash, a Palomino at stud.